Case Report: Severe Plasmodium vivax Malaria Mimicking Sepsis in a Neonate.
Severe congenital malaria associated with is uncommon. In Indonesia, most congenital malaria cases are due to infections. Most cases of congenital or neonatal malaria in endemic areas are diagnosed from peripheral smear as part of routine sepsis workup. Differentiating congenital and acquired neonatal malaria is very difficult. The case presented in this study describes severe malaria with cholestatic jaundice and sepsis-like signs and symptoms in neonates. The mother was asymptomatic and the neonate was successfully treated with intravenous artesunate. Severe malaria with cholestatic jaundice in neonates is an uncommon condition that should be included in the differential diagnosis of infants displaying hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, cholestatic jaundice, and hepatosplenomegaly in malaria-endemic zones. Early diagnosis can prevent the use of unnecessary antibiotics and mortality of neonates.