Cost-utility of tafenoquine vs. primaquine for the radical cure of P. vivax malaria.
The aim of this study was to compare cost-utility of tafenoquine (TQ) and primaquine (PQ) for a radical cure (prevention of relapse) of (PV) malaria in Serbia using A five-state, 1-month cycle Markov model. The perspective of Republic Health Insurance Fund was chosen, and the time horizon was 10 years. The model results were obtained after Monte Carlo microsimulation of a sample with 1000 virtual patients. After base case analysis PQ was dominated by TQ, as the net monetary benefit was positive (20,713.84 ± 7,167.46 RSD (99% CI) (174.95 ± 60.54 €)) and incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was below the willingness-to-pay line of 1 Serbian gross national product per capita per quality-adjusted life year gained. Multiple one-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analysis confirmed the results of the base case simulation. In conclusion, TQ was cost-effective in comparison to PQ for radical cure of PV malaria in socio-economic settings of a South-Eastern European country.